A journal is usually a scholarly book containing works written by scholars, academics and other renowned individuals. Journal is a term used to describe any written work that has been published outside of a university or institution and that is prepared by scholars in the same field. Unlike newspapers and magazines, journal publications are meant for a particular specialized or academic audience, and not generally for general reading. The scope and period of a journal may be a single volume, a volume spanning an entire year or perhaps the entire life cycle of a project.
A journal must adhere to the principles laid down by the American Journal of Medicine (AJM). These include “principal data” and “accounts of transactions” as well as “principal conclusions.” Journal publications should meet three standards established by the AJM, namely: (I) peer review, (ii) credibility and (iii) independence. All these aspects are necessary to ensure the quality of a Journal, but these can be easily complied with, if the right procedures are followed.
Journal writers must use appropriate language when discussing data and methods. Journal writers should conduct a double entry accounting technique when presenting data in a Journal article. Double entry accounting technique means two entries in the Journal for a particular transaction. This will make the information of the transaction transparent and thus more transparent and will make it easier to check the financial records of the journal.
Journal articles are to be written according to the style prescribed by the AJM. The Journal uses standard styles, such as simplified applications, family styles and Chicago styles. Authors should avoid using colloquial or informal terms when reporting findings from scientific studies. General ledger accounting methodologies, which include journal accounting, are to be strictly followed. If possible, references to financial documents such as bank statements and credit bills should also be avoided.
All financial transactions should be recorded in the journal. All vouchers must be presented in the original forms and the vouchers should be signed by the parties involved. Accounts ledgers should be double-entry accounting and journal accounts should be deposited into a bank account. Invoices should be vouchers recorded in the journal. General Ledger Accounting methodologies applied in Journal accounts should follow international standards for double entry of financial transactions.
The first step for a Journalist is to ensure that all required data have been recorded in the Journal. After ensuring all required data are recorded, the Journal should be prepared according to the needs of the users. It is essential to prepare a Journal at the time of every interview or research visit. The Journal should be prepared after the interview or visit, but prior to the presentation of data. A Journal should be prepared at each presentation and it is best to have a copy of the Journal at the time of presentation.