A journal is simply a scholarly written article, usually containing academic articles written by scholars, academicians and other educated individuals. Unlike conventional magazines and newspapers, journals are meant for a specialized or professional audience, not generally available to the general reader. They are written in a language that is organized, structured, formalized, controlled and peer-reviewed. The primary purpose of a journal is to publish research results in an orderly fashion, according to established principles and rules. The primary objective of any journal should be to contribute knowledge to the field and to be of assistance to advancing knowledge in that particular area.
Journal is also known as transcutaneous record, electronic mail, intrapersonal, unclassified, online scientific Journal, online scholarly, and academic journal. In a journal, you can find all sorts of articles on different fields and related issues such as plant biology, evolution, animal physiology, and human growth and development. Some journals offer only a bibliography, while some others include the citation of sources in the bibliography. It may also include other metadata like dates, page number, page date, and page range used, etc. It also lists journal articles by year, topic, page rank, and other such parameters.
A journal can have multiple authors and multiple pages. This implies that there can be hundreds of Journal entries. Journal can also have a single author and multiple pages. There are two types of Journal – a closed Journal and an open Journal. A closed journal allows a writer to restrict the number of people who can read the journal and a limited period of time to publish it. On the other hand, an open Journal allows anyone to read the journal and at times, the entire volume of the journal can be accessed.
Transactions in Journal are of two types oral transactions and documents. An oral transaction is one that takes place between a writer and a publisher or between an employee and an employer. On the other hand, a document is any type of transaction, whether oral or written, that conveys information to others. Transactions in Journal may include patents, mergers, assignments, altercations, changes in ownership, modifications to loan agreements, and changes in the partnership.
Another feature of Journal is the fact that all transactions in Journal are indexed, i.e., they are linked to the journal entry they pertain to. Hence, users can search back in time to retrieve specific transactions for specific papers. To make it easier to locate relevant information, a searchable database is available in the Journal and users can use this database to access previous transactions.
Journal is not the same as Enrolled Grantor’s Journal (EGJ), which is the accounting records of licensed real estate agents. Since Journal does not record grantor’s financial transactions, it cannot serve as legal records. On the other hand, it is convenient for researchers as it provides easy access to date transactions for a wide range of documents. It is also a convenient format to record meetings and seminars, since audio and video clips are linked to the journal entry. This means that users can easily find relevant data when conducting research using Journal. In addition, most journal entries are hyperlinked, making them easy to locate using a browser.